Geography: United States
Cases Per Year: 1 to 140
Fatality Rate: 5%
First Discovered: 2007 in the United States
Adenoviruses cause common colds and other respiratory illnesses in humans. Although these infections are common in humans, they are rarely fatal. However, adenovirus 14 has a higher fatality rate than other adenoviruses.
Ad14 viruses are passed from person to person or picked up from items touched by infected people. The incubation period lasts about 5 to 8 days, but the contagious period can last for weeks to months. Risk factors include crowded living conditions, contact with an infected individual, and immunosuppression. Symptoms include cold, sore throat, bronchitis, diarrhea, pneumonia, conjunctivitis (eye infection), fever, cystitis (bladder inflammation or infection), and rash.
Adenovirus 14 is a rare virus that can be fatal even among healthy young adults.
Photo: Avian Adenovirus – Electron micrograph.