Typhoid fever – Zambia

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Lusaka, capital of Zambia, confirms typhoid outbreak.

Residents of the city reported experiencing diarrhea.

Health officials are concentrating their efforts on mitigating the spread of typhoid, which is currently being spread through fecal contamination of the water in certain compounds of the city.

Health officials are distributing 6000 bottles of liquid chlorine to affected areas through the Zambia Red Cross and are urging everyone to practice safe food and hygiene practices.

Photo: Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium – Cultured in medium

Typhoid fever, so-called enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi, has a totally different presentation from that of the commoner kinds of salmonellosis.

It is usually spread by contaminated food or water. Typhoid fever is not a zoonosis like the more commonly seen types of salmonellosis.

Vomiting and diarrhea are typically absent but constipation is frequently reported.

The word typhoid (as in typhus-like) reflects the similarity of the louse-borne rickettsial disease epidemic typhus and that of typhoid fever; in fact, in some areas, typhoid fever is still referred to as abdominal typhus.

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