Typhoid fever – Congo The Democratic Republic Of The

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Sunday, June 27, 2021 – Update – 705 reported cases of Typhoid in Popokabaka, Kwango province, The Democratic Republic of Congo. Two weeks prior, there was a report of 320 cases identified. This was in a span of 24 weeks.

Approximately 300 individuals sought medical care for symptoms related to typhoid. However, those individuals have been in contact with household members who could not or did not receive medical care, which increased the number of typhoid cases among the population. Origin of outbreak and transmission source has not been identified in this specific source.

Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that can be contracted from contact with food, water, or surfaces contaminated with the bacteria Salmonella Tyhpi. According to the source, symptoms associated with typhoid include: loss of appetite, fever, headache, abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, and abdominal bloating. Complications from untreated cases include peritonitis or death.

Officials encourage individuals to seek medical treatment as soon as symptoms are suspected to receive free-of-cost consultation and reduce risk of further complications.

Photo: Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium – Cultured in medium

Typhoid fever, so-called enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi, has a totally different presentation from that of the commoner kinds of salmonellosis.

It is usually spread by contaminated food or water. Typhoid fever is not a zoonosis like the more commonly seen types of salmonellosis.

Vomiting and diarrhea are typically absent but constipation is frequently reported.

The word typhoid (as in typhus-like) reflects the similarity of the louse-borne rickettsial disease epidemic typhus and that of typhoid fever; in fact, in some areas, typhoid fever is still referred to as abdominal typhus.

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