Tularemia – Ukraine

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One confirmed case of Tularemia in Volyn, Ukraine after a bite from a gadfly.

The woman was bit by the gadfly while grazing livestock. The patient initially developed chills and fever. On the third day, the insect bite turned red and swollen and the patient’s condition worsened with newly developed joint pain and enlarged lymph nodes.

The patient is currently in outpatient treatment at the Volyn Regional Infectious Diseases Hospital.

Photo: a murine macrophage infected with Francisella tularensis.

Tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. Symptoms may include fever, skin ulcers, and enlarged lymph nodes. Occasionally, a form that results in pneumonia or a throat infection may occur.

The bacterium is typically spread by ticks, deer flies, or contact with infected animals. It may also be spread by drinking contaminated water or breathing in contaminated dust. It does not spread directly between people.

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