Tuberculosis – Nigeria
The Kaduna state of Nigeria reports 2,428 cases of tuberculosis in the past six months.
Local health officials say that if someone is coughing for two weeks or more they should get tested for tuberculosis. If the test comes out positive then patient should get treatment as tuberculosis is curable and the treatment is free of cost.
Photo: Mycobacterium tuberculosis electron micrograph.
About one quarter of the world’s population has a tuberculosis infection, which means people have been infected but are not (yet) ill with the disease and cannot transmit it.
When a person develops active tuberculosis, the symptoms (such as cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) may be mild for many months. This can lead to delays in seeking care, and results in transmission of the bacteria to others. People with active tuberculosis can infect 5 to 15 other people through close contact over the course of a year.
The largest numbers of new tuberculosis cases occurred in South-East Asia, followed by Africa and the Western Pacific. In 2019, eight countries accounted for two thirds of the new tuberculosis cases: India, Indonesia, China, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and South Africa.
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