Tuberculosis – Nepal

201 TB patients were detected in Tanahun district, Nepal in eight months.

Many infected people in the district have been out of treatment due to lack of education, awareness and geographically difficulties. At present, there are 80,000 TB patients in Nepal, the age-group of the patients is 15-49.

Photo: Mycobacterium tuberculosis electron micrograph.

About one quarter of the world’s population has a tuberculosis infection, which means people have been infected but are not (yet) ill with the disease and cannot transmit it.

When a person develops active tuberculosis, the symptoms (such as cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) may be mild for many months. This can lead to delays in seeking care, and results in transmission of the bacteria to others. People with active tuberculosis can infect 5 to 15 other people through close contact over the course of a year.

The largest numbers of new tuberculosis cases occurred in South-East Asia, followed by Africa and the Western Pacific. In 2019, eight countries accounted for two thirds of the new tuberculosis cases: India, Indonesia, China, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and South Africa.

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