Tuberculosis – Congo

Tuberculosis continues to spread through Congo.

The incidence rate in the country is 379 cases per 100,000 people. Mortality is at 53 cases per 100,000 people in HIV negative people and 42 cases per 100,000 people in HIV positive people.

There were 6,140 new cases registered in the country in the first half of 2021.

Health officials are working to educate people on the infection and the importance of continuing medication.

Photo: Mycobacterium tuberculosis electron micrograph.

About one quarter of the world’s population has a tuberculosis infection, which means people have been infected but are not (yet) ill with the disease and cannot transmit it.

When a person develops active tuberculosis, the symptoms (such as cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) may be mild for many months. This can lead to delays in seeking care, and results in transmission of the bacteria to others. People with active tuberculosis can infect 5 to 15 other people through close contact over the course of a year.

The largest numbers of new tuberculosis cases occurred in South-East Asia, followed by Africa and the Western Pacific. In 2019, eight countries accounted for two thirds of the new tuberculosis cases: India, Indonesia, China, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and South Africa.

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