Shigellosis – United States
3 confirmed cases and 2 suspected cases of shigellosis were founded in Humboldt County, California.
The infection is spread by eating food or drinking liquids contaminated by an infected person, or when a person touches a contaminated surface then touches their mouth.
Photo: Shigella flexneri micrograph, one of 4 bacteria types causing Shigellosis.
Shigellosis is an infection of the intestines caused by Shigella bacteria. Symptoms generally start one to two days after exposure and include diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and feeling the need to pass stools even when the bowels are empty. he diarrhea may be bloody. Symptoms typically last five to seven days and it may take several months to fully recover. There is no vaccine and Shigellosis usually resolves without specific treatment.
Globally shigellosis occurs in at least 80 million people and results in about 700,000 deaths a year. Most cases occur in the developing world. Young children are most commonly affected.
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