Salmonellosis – Venezuela

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Around 600 cases of salmonella are seen in Venezuela due to contaminated water, specifically in the north.

There are 571 cases of salmonellosis are registered in state in northeastern Venezuela, including two deaths. Majority of cases are in the Simón Bolívar municipality with 262 cases in the El Carmen parish and 276 in San Cristóbal. In the Sotillo municipality they have been diagnosed 23 in Urbaneja, all with positive antigen results and clinical signs of contracting Salmonellosis.

The outbreak is attributed to the terrible services in the distribution of drinking water throughout the state and especially in the north.

The governor declared a state of emergency and also said that brigades are organizing door-to-door visits to deliver water treatment tablets and provide health education to the communities. They are monitoring and treating tank trucks and drinking water distributors.

Photo: Salmonella (red) invading human cells.

Infection with salmonella in developed countries generally results in food poisoning. The organisms enter through the digestive tract and must be ingested in large numbers to cause disease in healthy adults. Between 60% to 80% of salmonella infections cases go un-diagnosed.

Risk factors for salmonella infections include a variety of foods. Meats such as chicken and pork have the possibility to be contaminated. A variety of vegetables and sprouts may also have salmonella. Lastly, a variety of processed foods such as chicken nuggets and pot pies may also contain this bacteria.

Salmonella was first visualized in 1880. The name Salmonella was not used until 1900.

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