Salmonellosis – United States
3 cases were infected with Cronobacter sakazakii and 1 with Salmonella in three states in the States (MN, OH, and TX). All cases were hospitalized and Cronobacter may have contributed to a death in one case. All of the cases are reported to have consumed powdered infant formula manufactured from Abbott Nutrition’s Sturgis, Michigan facility.
Cronobacter bacteria is a life-threatening infection and can cause sepsis or meningitis. Common symptoms include poor feeding, irritability, temperature changes, jaundice (yellow skin and whites of the eyes), grunting breaths, and abnormal movements.
Photo: Salmonella (red) invading human cells.
Infection with salmonella in developed countries generally results in food poisoning. The organisms enter through the digestive tract and must be ingested in large numbers to cause disease in healthy adults. Between 60% to 80% of salmonella infections cases go un-diagnosed.
Risk factors for salmonella infections include a variety of foods. Meats such as chicken and pork have the possibility to be contaminated. A variety of vegetables and sprouts may also have salmonella. Lastly, a variety of processed foods such as chicken nuggets and pot pies may also contain this bacteria.
Salmonella was first visualized in 1880. The name Salmonella was not used until 1900.
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