Salmonellosis – Spain

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July 7th, 2021 – (outbreak date not specified in source) Six cases of Salmonella infections have been reported in Spain. The individuals infected were four adults and two children. The adults were two men and two women between the ages of 31 and 51 years of age. All individuals were admitted to hospitals for treatment.

One adult is in an ICU and three adults are recovering. Both children are in a pediatric ICU.

Origin of the Salmonella disease and the source of the outbreak stemmed from the consumption of tortillas in two establishments in Soria, Spain. One establishment being the main source and transferring the cooked (contaminated) source to the other establishment, according to officials.

Salmonella is a bacterial infection that is usually found in contaminated foods; especially eggs and is considered a food-borne illness. Symptoms typically include gastrointestinal discomfort, diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain. Symptomology of the six cases was not indicated in the source.

Sanitary conditions of the environment of the two establishments is currently under investigation.

Photo: Salmonella (red) invading human cells.

Infection with salmonella in developed countries generally results in food poisoning. The organisms enter through the digestive tract and must be ingested in large numbers to cause disease in healthy adults. Between 60% to 80% of salmonella infections cases go un-diagnosed.

Risk factors for salmonella infections include a variety of foods. Meats such as chicken and pork have the possibility to be contaminated. A variety of vegetables and sprouts may also have salmonella. Lastly, a variety of processed foods such as chicken nuggets and pot pies may also contain this bacteria.

Salmonella was first visualized in 1880. The name Salmonella was not used until 1900.

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