Salmonellosis – Norway

Fifty-six people have fallen ill, which twenty-one amongst have been hospitalised due to Salmonella outbreak in Norway. The outbreak occurred as a result of contaminated dried fruit mix from various foreign countries, which were packed in Italy and shipped to Norway.

Out of the fifty-six infected patients, seven amongst had systemic infections, ten amongst had urinary tract infections and twenty-one amongst were hospitalised, while no deaths were observed.

The commonly reported symptoms were nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever and joint pain, and less commonly urinary tract infections.

This outbreak raised the concern about ready-to-eat products, which are risk products for food-borne infections.

Photo: Salmonella (red) invading human cells.

Infection with salmonella in developed countries generally results in food poisoning. The organisms enter through the digestive tract and must be ingested in large numbers to cause disease in healthy adults. Between 60% to 80% of salmonella infections cases go un-diagnosed.

Risk factors for salmonella infections include a variety of foods. Meats such as chicken and pork have the possibility to be contaminated. A variety of vegetables and sprouts may also have salmonella. Lastly, a variety of processed foods such as chicken nuggets and pot pies may also contain this bacteria.

Salmonella was first visualized in 1880. The name Salmonella was not used until 1900.

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