Salmonellosis – Ireland

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Fifteen people who became ill due to a salmonella outbreak linked to Kinder chocolate products had to be hospitalised in Ireland until April 12, 2022.

Symptoms of salmonella infection in children include nausea and vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhoea, but are mild in the majority of cases.

Parents have been advised that if their children develop worrying symptoms such as a lot of diarrhoea, diarrhoea with blood in it, extensive vomiting, high temperature or severe headache, they should seek medical attention from a doctor.

The ECDC said there have 150 cases across Europe linked to the outbreak.

Photo: Salmonella (red) invading human cells.

Infection with salmonella in developed countries generally results in food poisoning. The organisms enter through the digestive tract and must be ingested in large numbers to cause disease in healthy adults. Between 60% to 80% of salmonella infections cases go un-diagnosed.

Risk factors for salmonella infections include a variety of foods. Meats such as chicken and pork have the possibility to be contaminated. A variety of vegetables and sprouts may also have salmonella. Lastly, a variety of processed foods such as chicken nuggets and pot pies may also contain this bacteria.

Salmonella was first visualized in 1880. The name Salmonella was not used until 1900.

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