Monkeypox – Argentina

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Further investigation is underway after a man is suspected to be the first case of monkeypox in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He started to present symptoms that are compatible with the disease after he returned from a trip to Spain.

The man was in Spain between April 28 and May 16, 2022 and once he started to notice that he had pustules and a fever, he went to a health centre in the city of Buenos Aries. He is currently isolated and receiving treatment.

Clinical, diagnostic and epidemiological actions are being implemented in order to confirm or rule out the case, provide adequate clinical care and enforce all measures to control the focus to avoid possible transmission.

The Ministry of Health has provided recommendations to anyone that is presenting symptoms compatible to monkeypox and to those that have had any contact with a suspected or confirmed case of monkeypox.

Photo: Smallpox virus, a close relative of Monkeypox – Electron micrograph.

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that mostly occurs in Central and West Africa. The disease is similar to smallpox and involves blistered skin but it is often milder. Humans can be infected by an animal via a bite, or by direct contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids. The virus can also spread from human to human, by respiratory (airborne) contact or by contact with an infected person’s bodily fluids.

The smallpox vaccine can protect against monkeypox.

The virus was first identified in 1958 among laboratory monkeys. The first cases in humans were found in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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