Meningococcal disease – Nigeria
At least 20,574 Cerebrospinal Meningitis-related deaths have been reported in Nigeria from 2016 to 2020.
The government is calling for well-ventilated apartments, avoiding overcrowded places and maintenance of good respiratory hygiene to prevent the outbreak of meningitis. Besides, meningitis A vaccine is also put in the routine care for prevention.
Photo: N. meningitidis (colorized in blue) with its adhesive pili (colorized in yellow), electron micrograph.
Neisseria meningitidis, often referred to as meningococcus, is a bacterium that can cause meningitis and other forms of meningococcal disease such as meningococcemia, a life-threatening sepsis.
About 10% of adults are carriers of the bacteria in their nasopharynx. It is an exclusively human pathogen it is the main cause of bacterial meningitis in children and young adults, causing developmental impairment and death in about 10% of cases.
It causes the only form of bacterial meningitis known to occur epidemically, mainly in Africa and Asia. It occurs worldwide in both epidemic and endemic form.
It is spread through saliva and respiratory secretions during coughing, sneezing, kissing, chewing on toys and even through sharing a source of fresh water.
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