Meningitis – Nigeria

20,574 people died of cerebrospinal meningitis in Nigeria between 2016 and 2020.

The number of meningitis cases in the country continues to fall each year, with less than 1,000 people affected in 2020.

Photo: cross-section of a human brain.

Viral meningitis, also known as aseptic meningitis, is a type of meningitis due to a viral infection. Viral meningitis is the cause of more than half of all cases of meningitis.

Most cases of viral meningitis are caused by enteroviruses (common stomach viruses). However, other viruses can also cause viral meningitis, such as West Nile virus, mumps, measles, herpes simplex types I and II, varicella and lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus.

Symptoms commonly include headache, fever, sensitivity to light and neck stiffness.

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