Marburg virus – Guinea
Temèssadou Bokeh in Guéckédou Prefecture of Guinea, West Africa, confirmed the death of a male due to Marburg virus infection.
The case, a male, had onset of symptoms on 25 July. On 1 August he attended a small health facility near his village of residence with symptoms of fever, headache, fatigue, abdominal pain, and gingival hemorrhage. A rapid diagnostic test for malaria was performed which was negative. The patient received supportive care, but did on August 2.
An investigation team comprosed of national authorities and WHO experts was deployed to conduct an in-depth investigation. The team collected a post-mortem oral swab sample, which was sent the same day to the viral haemorrhagic fever reference laboratory in Guéckédou.On 3 August a real-time PCR was conducted which confirmed the sample was positive for Marburg virus disease and negative for Ebola virus disease.
Contact tracing is ongoing, along with active case searching in health facilities and at the community level.
Photo: Transmission electron micrograph of Marburg virus
Marburg virus is a hemorrhagic fever virus, discovered in 1967 during a set of outbreaks in the German cities of Marburg and Frankfurt and the Yugoslav capital Belgrade, when laboratory workers were exposed to tissues of infected grivet monkeys. During the outbreaks, thirty-one people became infected and seven of them died.
In 2009, the successful isolation of infectious virus was reported from caught healthy Egyptian fruit bats, suggesting that Old World fruit bats are involved in the natural maintenance of Marburg viruses.
Since 1967, outbreaks have been reported in Kenya, Angola, Uganda and Guinea, affecting from 1 up to 252 people with mortality rates ranging from 50% to 100%.
While you are here, help us with
Access to Essential Drugs
One third of children, women and men have no access to essential medicines, putting lives at risk. Hospitals frequently run out of medicines and other essential supplies. Our Med-Aid program connects hospitals with aid and ensures that they receive exactly what they need.
Access to Diagnostics
Much of today’s innovation is either not reaching or not suitable for people in developing countries.
Data to Improve Health
Faster and reactive systems to help provide lifesaving support to vulnerable communities.
Support our work. It only takes a minute but makes a world of difference!
With your help we can bring modern diagnostics and essential medicines to people in need, track disease outbreaks better and help prevent future pandemics.