Malaria – Bangladesh
In Bandarban, Bangladesh, there is a Malaria outbreak, which has over 20 people in the hospital.
The main reported symptom was fever, which drew the infected to the hospital.
At least 20 people admitted to the hospital in just one week. The number of cases, however, is far higher.
Local residents have said many malaria patients from the remote mountainous areas are unable to go to the hospital due to roads being inaccessible.
seven to eight people from Pru Saong Karbari Para in Boro Madak area and six to seven people from Sakhayu Karbari Para in small Madak area had been suffering from fever. They were later found to be infected with malaria. Additionally, there were reports of malaria cases from some neighbourhoods in Tindu union, Fosau Karbari Para, Tuktong Para in Thanchi Sadar union and many other areas in the upazila.
Photo: Malaria parasite (blue) attaching to a red blood cell
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease, caused by a parasite (Plasmodium) that enters the red blood cells. The parasites travel to the liver where they mature and reproduce.
The signs and symptoms of malaria typically begin 8 to 25 days following an infected mosquito bite. The disease starts with symptoms that resemble flu with recurring fevers every 36 to 48 hours.
Malaria has several serious complications and seeking medical treatment is important if you suspect having malaria.
The disease is widespread in the tropical and subtropical regions that exist in a broad band around the equator.
The risk of catching the disease can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites through the use of mosquito nets and insect repellents or with mosquito-control measures such as spraying insecticides and draining standing water.
While malaria can easily be treated, the parasites are increasingly developing drug resistance.
Malaria has been in existence for 50 000 to 100 000 years. In Saqqara Egypt a burial site 2100 BC was found a whole family infected and probably killed by malaria. Malaria was once common in most of Europe and North America. It may have contributed to the decline of the Roman Empire and then known as the Roman Fever and marsh fever. The term malaria originates from Medieval Italian: mala aria, meaning "bad air".
In 1880 the parasite was identified in red blood cells by a French army doctor who worked in Algeria. This was the first time a parasite was identified as causing a disease. The first effective treatment for malaria came from the bark of cinchona tree, which contains quinine. Jesuit monks introduced the treatment to Europe around 1640.
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