Lyme disease – Russia
One person was infected with ixodic tick-borne borreliosis in Kamensk-Shakhtinsky, Russia.
The patient was infected during the vacation in the Kamensky district.
Photo: Adult deer tick, Ixodes scapularis
Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by the Borrelia bacterium which is spread by ticks.
The most common sign of infection is an expanding red rash, known as erythema migrans, that appears at the site of the tick bite about a week after it occurred.
If untreated, symptoms may include loss of the ability to move one or both sides of the face, joint pains, severe headaches with neck stiffness, or heart palpitations, among others. Months to years later, repeated episodes of joint pain and swelling may occur.
Prevention includes efforts to prevent tick bites such as by wearing clothing to cover the arms and legs, and using insect repellents. Attached ticks should be removed promptly with fine tipped tweezers. Risk of infection increases with time of attachment.
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