Leishmaniasis – Kenya
5 people have died in the last months in Kenya after being infected with visceral leishmaniasis.
The disease is transmitted by sandflies that bite humans. It is characterized by irregular bouts of fever and anemia, weight loss, enlargement of the spleen and liver. Poor hygienic condition benefit an outbreak of the disease.
in total 33 individuals have been infected
Photo: Leishmania tropica, one of more than 15 species.
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by parasites and spread by the bite of a certain sandfly. The cutaneous form presents with skin ulcers. Risk factors include poverty, malnutrition, deforestation, and urbanization. Leishmaniasis can be partly prevented by sleeping under nets treated with insecticide and fumigation.
Leishmaniasis occurs in some 98 countries and affects about 2 million people yearly, and causes between 20 and 50 thousand deaths.
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