Hepatitis A – United States
122 cases of Hepatitis A are ongoing in Gaston County, North Carolina, USA. These cases are concentrated in persons who use injection or non-injection drugs, homeless individuals, and men who have sex with men.
No infection source has been identified. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, and stomach pain.
122 cases have been identified. Two of those were individuals who work with food handling, investigations were launched to determine a link, these cases were isolated.
The government recommends those who have no received the vaccine to do so.
Photo: Micrograph of ground glass hepatocytes, as seen in a chronic hepatitis B infection.
Hepatitis A is an infectious disease of the liver caused by Hepatovirus A. Many cases have few or no symptoms, especially in the young.
When symptoms occur, they typically last 8 weeks and may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, fever, and abdominal pain. Acute liver failure may rarely occur, with this being more common in the elderly.
It is usually spread by eating food or drinking water contaminated with infected feces. Undercooked or raw Shellfish are common sources. It may also be spread through close contact with an infectious person.
The hepatitis A vaccine is effective for prevention. Some countries recommend it routinely for children and those at higher risk.
No specific treatment is available, with rest and medications for nausea or diarrhea recommended on an as-needed basis. Infections usually resolve completely and without ongoing liver disease.
While you are here, help us with
Access to Diagnostics
Much of today’s innovation is either not reaching or not suitable for people in developing countries.
Access to Essential Drugs
One third of children, women and men have no access to essential medicines, putting lives at risk.
Data to Improve Health
Faster and reactive systems to help provide lifesaving support to vulnerable communities.
Support our work. It only takes a minute but makes a world of difference!
With your help we can bring modern diagnostics and essential medicines to people in need, track disease outbreaks better and help prevent future pandemics.