Ebola – Congo The Democratic Republic Of The

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A 3-year-old male was found by the Ministry of Health of the DRC to be a laboratory confirmed case of Ebola virus disease. This follows a cluster of 3 deaths (two children and their father) who were neighbors of the case, but were not tested for EVD. All took place in Beni City, North Kivu Province.

The confirmed case developed symptoms including abdominal pain, breathing difficulty, dark stool and blood in their vomit in early October. The boy died on October 6. This totals 4 deaths in the area of ages 3, 14, 19, and 29.

148 contacts have been identified and are under follow up by the North Kivu Provincial health authorities.

Photo: Ebola virus – Electron micrograph.

Ebola, also known as Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses. Signs and symptoms typically start between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus with a fever, sore throat, muscular pain, and headaches. Some people begin to bleed both internally and externally.

The disease has a high risk of death, killing 25% to 90% of those infected, with an average of about 50%.

Several vaccines for Ebola exist.

The disease was first identified in 1976, in two simultaneous outbreaks: one in Nzara (a town in South Sudan) and the other in Yambuku (Democratic Republic of the Congo), a village relatively near the Ebola River from which the disease takes its name.

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