Ebola – Central African Republic
Four people have died of hemorrhagic fever in Kabo, Central African Republic. Doctors are suggesting Ebola as the cause of death, but analyses of patient sample have not come back yet.
Photo: Ebola virus – Electron micrograph.
Ebola, also known as Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses. Signs and symptoms typically start between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus with a fever, sore throat, muscular pain, and headaches. Some people begin to bleed both internally and externally.
The disease has a high risk of death, killing 25% to 90% of those infected, with an average of about 50%.
Several vaccines for Ebola exist.
The disease was first identified in 1976, in two simultaneous outbreaks: one in Nzara (a town in South Sudan) and the other in Yambuku (Democratic Republic of the Congo), a village relatively near the Ebola River from which the disease takes its name.
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