Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Uganda
A case of Crimean Congo Viral Hemorrhagic fever in Kikuube District was confirmed by PCR on the 28 April 2021. Seven contacts have so far been listed and are due for sampling. The patient is a 16-year-old girl from a village well known for rearing animals such as goats and cows. She presented with a two day history of low-grade fever, general body weakness, haematemesis and epistaxis.
Photo: Hyalomma ticks are the principal vector of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by a tick-borne virus. The virus is widespread in Asia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Madagascar.
Prevention is by avoiding tick bites, but also agricultural, slaughterhouse, and veterinarians are at risk of catching the disease through contact with animals. Human-to-human transmission is also possible.
The virus may have evolved around 1500-1100 BC. It is thought that changing climate and agricultural practices near this time could be behind its evolution. In 1944, Soviet scientists first identified the disease they called Crimean hemorrhagic fever in Crimea.
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