Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Spain

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On June 25th, a 68 year-old woman in northern Spain was admitted to a hospital with a suspected case of Crimean-Congo fever.

There were no reported symptoms.

According to health officials, the woman was isolated and the samples were sent to the San Carlos Institute in Madrid.

Photo: Hyalomma ticks are the principal vector of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by a tick-borne virus. The virus is widespread in Asia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Madagascar.

Prevention is by avoiding tick bites, but also agricultural, slaughterhouse, and veterinarians are at risk of catching the disease through contact with animals. Human-to-human transmission is also possible.

The virus may have evolved around 1500-1100 BC. It is thought that changing climate and agricultural practices near this time could be behind its evolution. In 1944, Soviet scientists first identified the disease they called Crimean hemorrhagic fever in Crimea.

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