Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Spain

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A 59-year-old male farmer was confirmed with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Salamanca province, Spain.

The source of the infection was tick bites.

The patient has been hospitalized for several days with isolation measures, who is now clinically stable.

The government has called for precautions, such as wearing appropriate clothing and footwear during field trips, use of repellents and immediate removal of ticks once being noticed.

Photo: Hyalomma ticks are the principal vector of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by a tick-borne virus. The virus is widespread in Asia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Madagascar.

Prevention is by avoiding tick bites, but also agricultural, slaughterhouse, and veterinarians are at risk of catching the disease through contact with animals. Human-to-human transmission is also possible.

The virus may have evolved around 1500-1100 BC. It is thought that changing climate and agricultural practices near this time could be behind its evolution. In 1944, Soviet scientists first identified the disease they called Crimean hemorrhagic fever in Crimea.

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