Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Pakistan
Health officials in Balochistan, Pakistan reported two Congo virus cases on Thursday.
Both patients came to the hospital with complaints of fever and bleeding from the mouth. Their condition is now stable, according to an official.
One of the patients is an 11-year-old boy from Chaman and the other is a 40-year-old man from Loralai. Both were placed in isolation wards. In the past 1.5 months, this Baloch hospital has had seven Congo virus patients.
Photo: Hyalomma ticks are the principal vector of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by a tick-borne virus. The virus is widespread in Asia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Madagascar.
Prevention is by avoiding tick bites, but also agricultural, slaughterhouse, and veterinarians are at risk of catching the disease through contact with animals. Human-to-human transmission is also possible.
The virus may have evolved around 1500-1100 BC. It is thought that changing climate and agricultural practices near this time could be behind its evolution. In 1944, Soviet scientists first identified the disease they called Crimean hemorrhagic fever in Crimea.
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