Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Pakistan

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As on 1st April 2021, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever, commonly referred to as Congo fever tested positive for two person (one of them is 25 years old) in Karachi, Pakistan.

Sources said that one of the affected person is associated with dairy farming.

Congo fever is a tick-borne viral disease which is mainly transferred to humans from pets. The symptoms of the viral disease may include fever, muscle pains, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, and bleeding into the skin. Complications may also include liver failure.

The disease can be transmitted from one infected human to another by contact with infectious blood or body fluids or contact with infected ticks.

Tick repellents, wearing protective clothing and early and correct removal of ticks are recommended as preventive measures.

Photo: Hyalomma ticks are the principal vector of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by a tick-borne virus. The virus is widespread in Asia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Madagascar.

Prevention is by avoiding tick bites, but also agricultural, slaughterhouse, and veterinarians are at risk of catching the disease through contact with animals. Human-to-human transmission is also possible.

The virus may have evolved around 1500-1100 BC. It is thought that changing climate and agricultural practices near this time could be behind its evolution. In 1944, Soviet scientists first identified the disease they called Crimean hemorrhagic fever in Crimea.

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