Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Pakistan
A patient infected with Congo Fever virus has been admitted at the Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It is the first patient of the Crimean-Congo virus reported this year.
The patient has been a cowherd and resident of Bilawal Chowrangi in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. He was brought to Jinnah Hospital over symptoms of the Congo fever. The hospital confirmed Crimean-Congo virus in the patient after medical tests.
A Crimean-Congo virus alert had been issued last year (2020) for the metropolis (Karachi), stipulating precautionary instructions for all those people who were visiting cattle farms.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by a tick-borne virus. The virus is widespread in Asia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Madagascar.
Prevention is by avoiding tick bites, but also agricultural, slaughterhouse, and veterinarians are at risk of catching the disease through contact with animals. Human-to-human transmission is also possible.
The virus may have evolved around 1500-1100 BC. It is thought that changing climate and agricultural practices near this time could be behind its evolution. In 1944, Soviet scientists first identified the disease they called Crimean hemorrhagic fever in Crimea.
Photo: Hyalomma ticks are the principal vector of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
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