Cholera – Nigeria
A total of 512 persons have been infected with cholera in Plateau, Nigeria.
The typical symptoms of the disease are vomiting and diarrhea.
So far, 512 persons have been infected while 484 of them have been discharged from the hospitals where they were receiving treatment. Eight people died.
People are recommended to wash food before eating and to seek medical help if they notice vomiting or diarrhea.
Photo: Vibrio tasmaniensis bacteria, a close relative of Vibrio cholerae.
Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The main risk is severe dehydration, this happens sometimes within hours.
It is spread mostly by unsafe water and unsafe food that has been contaminated with human feces containing the bacteria. Under-cooked seafood is a common source.
Risk factors for the disease include poor sanitation, not enough clean drinking water, and poverty.
Cholera affects an estimated 3–5 million people worldwide and causes 28.800–130.000 deaths a year. Areas with ongoing risk include Africa and South East Asia, where it occurs in outbreaks.
Descriptions of cholera are found as early as the 5th century BC in Sanskrit.
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