Cholera – Nigeria
There is an outbreak of cholera in Akko, Nigeria in the Gombe state. 7 people have passed from this outbreak.
Cholera symptoms include severe diarrhea and vomiting, and it can spread easily in Nigeria during the rainy season through contaminated water and sub-optimal conditions, according to officials.
7 people have died with 32 treated cases that have been discharged with another 6 people being admitted. One of the dead is a two-year-old boy.
Local officials remind people to use clean water, consume cleanly prepared meals, and exert proper personal and environmental hygiene measures.
Photo: Vibrio tasmaniensis bacteria, a close relative of Vibrio cholerae.
Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The main risk is severe dehydration, this happens sometimes within hours.
It is spread mostly by unsafe water and unsafe food that has been contaminated with human feces containing the bacteria. Under-cooked seafood is a common source.
Risk factors for the disease include poor sanitation, not enough clean drinking water, and poverty.
Cholera affects an estimated 3–5 million people worldwide and causes 28.800–130.000 deaths a year. Areas with ongoing risk include Africa and South East Asia, where it occurs in outbreaks.
Descriptions of cholera are found as early as the 5th century BC in Sanskrit.
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