Cholera – Mali
6 cases of cholera have been reported in Mali, after a man travelled from Niger to Mali while being infected with the bacteria.
The man infected himself in Niger and then travelled to the Labbezanga village in Mali. Symptoms appear after an incubation period of 1 to 5 days and include severe, watery diarrhea, vomiting, and severe dehydration.
3 people died following the infection, while the active 6 cases are isolated and in treatment
Photo: Vibrio tasmaniensis bacteria, a close relative of Vibrio cholerae.
Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The main risk is severe dehydration, this happens sometimes within hours.
It is spread mostly by unsafe water and unsafe food that has been contaminated with human feces containing the bacteria. Under-cooked seafood is a common source.
Risk factors for the disease include poor sanitation, not enough clean drinking water, and poverty.
Cholera affects an estimated 3–5 million people worldwide and causes 28.800–130.000 deaths a year. Areas with ongoing risk include Africa and South East Asia, where it occurs in outbreaks.
Descriptions of cholera are found as early as the 5th century BC in Sanskrit.
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