Cholera – India

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282 cases of Cholera have been detected in Peer Muchalla village, Punjab, India. 7/10 water sources in Peer Muchalla Village are contaminated.

Infected waterways have been too high cases in the village, but no specific reasoning is provided in the article.

282 cases have been detected so far, 21 have acute symptoms while 6 of them are in serious conditions.

The government is in the process of filtering water and rehydration tablets are being distributed.

Photo: Vibrio tasmaniensis bacteria, a close relative of Vibrio cholerae.

Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The main risk is severe dehydration, this happens sometimes within hours.

It is spread mostly by unsafe water and unsafe food that has been contaminated with human feces containing the bacteria. Under-cooked seafood is a common source.

Risk factors for the disease include poor sanitation, not enough clean drinking water, and poverty.

Cholera affects an estimated 3–5 million people worldwide and causes 28.800–130.000 deaths a year. Areas with ongoing risk include Africa and South East Asia, where it occurs in outbreaks.

Descriptions of cholera are found as early as the 5th century BC in Sanskrit.

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