Cholera – India
The Ludhiana region of Punjab, India confirmed three cases of cholera including a one and two-year-old infected.
The source of drinking water in the area was collected and samples were analyzed for contamination.
Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe diarrhea. It can lead to dehydration. It is caused by eating contaminated food or drinking water.
Although a large outbreak is not yet identified, the health teams are visiting these areas and creating awareness among people regarding water-borne diseases.
The health authorities also have taken surveys and distributed pamphlets, chlorine tablets and ORS packets in these areas as an additional measure to control the spread.Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The main risk is severe dehydration, this happens sometimes within hours.
Photo: Vibrio tasmaniensis bacteria, a close relative of Vibrio cholerae.
Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The main risk is severe dehydration, this happens sometimes within hours.
It is spread mostly by unsafe water and unsafe food that has been contaminated with human feces containing the bacteria. Under-cooked seafood is a common source.
Risk factors for the disease include poor sanitation, not enough clean drinking water, and poverty.
Cholera affects an estimated 3–5 million people worldwide and causes 28.800–130.000 deaths a year. Areas with ongoing risk include Africa and South East Asia, where it occurs in outbreaks.
Descriptions of cholera are found as early as the 5th century BC in Sanskrit.
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