Cholera – Cameroon

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October 27 – 30, 2021 – Approximately 10 new suspected cases of cholera were reported in Yaounde and in Ekondo Titi, Cameroon. No deaths have been reported. The demographic information of the new cases has not been presented in this source.

The origin of the cholera outbreak is not mentioned. However, officials state that it has been an ongoing issue in the country. Cholera is a bacterial infection that is transmitted from the ingestion of contaminated water. Symptoms include abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, and dehydration. Left untreated, the risk of death is likely.

There have been public health efforts to encourage the community to practice preventative measures to reduce the spread of the infectious disease. Some efforts include handwashing before and after meals and wash raw foods. If any symptoms of cholera symptoms, such as diarrhea, is suspected, officials strongly advise individuals to seek medical care.

Photo: Vibrio tasmaniensis bacteria, a close relative of Vibrio cholerae.

Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The main risk is severe dehydration, this happens sometimes within hours.

It is spread mostly by unsafe water and unsafe food that has been contaminated with human feces containing the bacteria. Under-cooked seafood is a common source.

Risk factors for the disease include poor sanitation, not enough clean drinking water, and poverty.

Cholera affects an estimated 3–5 million people worldwide and causes 28.800–130.000 deaths a year. Areas with ongoing risk include Africa and South East Asia, where it occurs in outbreaks.

Descriptions of cholera are found as early as the 5th century BC in Sanskrit.

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