Brucellosis – Kazakhstan

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5 cases of brucellosis were detected in Shakhtinsk, Temirtau and Aai district of Karaganda region, Kazakhstan.

In the course of an epidemiological investigation, it turned out that in 66.6% of cases of human infection with brucellosis, the cause was the consumption of non-thermally processed milk and dairy products, especially those sold by private individuals. In the remaining 33.3% of cases, the cause was due to the violation of sanitary and hygienic norms and rules when keeping farm animals in private farmsteads. Studies have shown that the microbes spread into the environment and can be a factor in the spread of infection.

This year, in the Shet, Bukhar-Zhyrau, Abay, Aktogay and Osakarov regions, 391 new epizootic outbreaks of the disease have been identified among cattle and small cattle, which is the main source of the causative agent of brucellosis for humans.

Photo: Brucella bacteria.

Brucellosis, also called Mediterranean fever, Malta fever and undulant fever, is an infection spread from animals to people, mostly by consumption of unpasteurised dairy products or undercooked meat from infected animals.

Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that affects thousands of people worldwide. Avoiding unpasteurised dairy products and taking precautions when working with animals can help prevent brucellosis.

Symptoms may include joint and muscle pain, fever, weight loss and fatigue. Some people develop stomach pain and cough.

Treatment includes a combination of antibiotics for several weeks. Relapses are common.

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