Botulism – Ukraine

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October 18, 2021 – A suspected case of botulism infection was identified in Oleksandrivka, Kirovohrad, Ukraine. The infected individual was a 37 year-old woman. She became infected with the disease after consuming dried fish that she had prepared on her own. She is currently seeking medical treatment and a sample of her bloodwork has been sent to the labs for further analysis.

Symptoms presented by the infected individual have not been discussed in this source. The origin of the fish and botulism is still being investigated. Officials mentioned that more information will follow after further investigation.

Photo: Clostridium botulinum.

Foodborne botulism is a severe intoxication caused by eating the preformed toxin present in contaminated food. It occurs when spores of bacterium Clostridium botulinum germinate and the organism is allowed to grow and produce toxin in food that is later eaten without sufficient heating or cooking to inactivate the spores. Botulinum toxin is one of the most potent neurotoxins known.

Typically in a few hours to several days after ingestion of the contaminated food, one will start to show the classic symptoms: blurred vision, dry mouth, and difficulty in swallowing. Gastrointestinal symptoms may or may not occur. If untreated, the paralysis can descend through the body starting at the face and working its way down.

Prevention is primarily by proper food preparation. The toxin, though not the organism, is destroyed by heating it to more than 85 C (185 F) for longer than 5 minutes. Honey can contain the organism, and for this reason, honey should not be fed to children under 12 months.

Globally, botulism is fairly rare, with approximately 1,000 cases yearly.

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