Anthrax – Kazakhstan
In the Tyulkubas district of the Turkestan region of Turkey anthrax has been reported.
Two patients are being treated and are in stable condition and will soon be discharged from the hospital.
The meat of a sick animal was bought in the Zhambyl region and authorities are ascertaining where and whom the meat was purchased.
Authorities urge residents to buy meat products only from proven places with veterinary certificates.
Photo: Bacillus anthracis from an agar culture with spores (blue).
Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. It can occur in four forms: skin, lungs, intestinal, and injection. Anthrax is spread by contact with the bacterium’s spores, which often appear in infectious animal products.
The skin form presents with a small blister with surrounding swelling that often turns into a painless ulcer with a black center.
The inhalation form presents with fever, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
The intestinal form presents with diarrhea which may contain blood, abdominal pains, nausea, and vomiting.
The injection form presents with fever and an abscess at the site of drug injection.
Human anthrax is most common in Africa and central and southern Asia, though it can occur anywhere. Skin infections represent more than 95% of cases.
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