Tularemia – Canada
In Long Point, Lake Erie (Norfolk, Ontario, Canada) an outbreak of tularemia or rabbit fever has been spotted in the muskrat population. No human cases have been reported yet.
Rabbit fever is caused by tularemia bacteria. The bacteria are carried by deer flies and ticks and can cause disease in humans and animals such as muskrats, rabbits, and beavers. It may also be spread by drinking contaminated water or breathing in contaminated dust. It does not spread directly between people.
In humans, the bacteria typically attacks the skin, eyes, lymph nodes, and lungs.
Prevention is by using insect repellent, wearing long pants, rapidly removing ticks, and not disturbing dead animals.
The disease is named after Tulare County, California, where the disease was discovered in 1911.
Photo: Muskrat in water.
While you are here, help us with
Access to Diagnostics
Much of today’s innovation is either not reaching or not suitable for people in developing countries.
Access to Essential Drugs
One third of children, women and men have no access to essential medicines, putting lives at risk.
Data to Improve Health
Faster and reactive systems to help provide lifesaving support to vulnerable communities.
Support our work. It only takes a minute but makes a world of difference!
With your help we can bring modern diagnostics and essential medicines to people in need, track disease outbreaks better and help prevent future pandemics.