Leishmaniasis – Libya
At least 5,000 cases of Leishmaniasis have been reported in the past six months. The extent of the problem remains unknown because some patients do not seek treatment.
Most of the cases were registered along North African countries Mediterranean coast west of the capital, Tripoli.
Photo: Leishmania tropica, one of more than 15 species.
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by parasites and spread by the bite of a certain sandfly. The cutaneous form presents with skin ulcers. Risk factors include poverty, malnutrition, deforestation, and urbanization. Leishmaniasis can be partly prevented by sleeping under nets treated with insecticide and fumigation.
Leishmaniasis occurs in some 98 countries and affects about 2 million people yearly, and causes between 20 and 50 thousand deaths.
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